Home > Animals & Exhibits > African Savanna > African Elephant

African Elephant

The African elephant (Loxodonta africana) is the largest living land-dwelling animal. Until recently, they were broken down into two subspecies, the African bush elephant, and the African forest elephant, but these two groupings are now largely considered to be two separate populations of the same species.

Size: Adult African elephants range in between 19 to 24 feet in length and 10 to 11.5 feet tall. These animals can weigh anywhere between 13,228 and 19,843 lbs.

Life span: 60-70 years

Color: Gray

Continent: Africa

Range: African elephants are found in most African countries excluding the Sahara and tropical rainforest of the Congo.

Habitat: Forests, partial deserts, and grasslands

Food: African elephants are herbivorous animals, meaning they eat shrubbery, vines, herbs and tree leaves.

Reproduction: Mating occurs anytime during the year and begins when male elephants compete with one another. After 22 months of gestation (the longest among mammals), the female gives birth to a single three foot tall calf which weighs more than 200 pounds.

Fun Facts: The African elephant generally has no natural predators because of its great size.

Conservation: African bush elephants' status is considered Near Threatened; however, their existence differs depending on region.