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African Lion

African lions (Panthera leo) are the only cats known to live in groups, which are known as prides. Lions roar to announce their presence within a territory and to keep members of a pride in touch with one another.

Size: Male lions grow to be nine to ten feet long and can weigh up to 500 pounds. Females grow to be seven to eight feet long and weigh between 270 and 350 pounds.

Life Span: The average lifespan of the African Lion in the wild is 15 to 18 years, and 25 to 30 years in captivity.

Color: The African lion has a golden tan coat that blends well with Savanna and grassland surroundings.

Continent: Africa

Range: Central and Southern Africa

Habitat: These felines live in the savanna and grassland, although they may take to bush and forest.

Food: The African Lion is carnivorous, but it will eat basically anything, including small insects, when hungry. The lionesses are the hunters of the pride, stealthily attacking prey in the early morning or at night.

Reproduction: Breeding occurs year-round. After a gestation period of 102-113 days, one to six young are born to each female. Most litters are two or three cubs.

Fun Facts: A lion's roar can carry more than five miles.