The Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) is also known as the Siberian, Manchurian, Altaic, Korean, North China, or Ussuri tiger.
Size: Amur males are eight to 10.5 feet long, including a three-foot tail; females are smaller than males at eight feet long. Males weigh 450 to 675 pounds; females weigh 200 to 350 pounds.
Life Span: Estimated to be 10 to 15 years in the wild, tigers in captivity can live 16 to 22 years or more.
Color: Reddish-orange to reddish-brown with distinctive dark vertical stripes
Range: The Amur tiger lives in the Amur River Valley in the Russian far east, in Northern China, and Southern Russia. Though often referred to as Siberian tigers, the range of these tigers has reduced drastically, and they no longer inhabit Siberia.
Habitat: They can live in any climate, needing only shade, water, and food. Amur tigers currently inhabit the Amur River Valley.
Food: They eat deer, antelope, wild cattle, and wild pigs. They are extremely swift for short distances. Tigers hunt at night, ambushing their prey.
Reproduction: Sexual maturity is three years for females and four years for males. Like most cats, tigers are induced ovulators. A female tiger signals she is in estrus through behavior, scent, and sound. Once a male finds a mate, copulation is continuous for a five day period. The gestation period is approximately 103 days.
Conservation: Amur tigers are endangered. Since the tigers are at the top of the food chain, survival of the species is dependent on maintaining and enlarging their habitat and protecting them from poachers. At one time, there were eight tiger subspecies. Only five remain now and even they are on the brink. The tiger population reached an all-time low of 24 animals in the 1940s. Because of survival programs, that number has grown to an estimated 400.
Fun Facts: Much like a fingerprint, a tiger's stripes are extremely variable between individuals. No two are identical. The tiger is the largest living feline. It can weigh up to 675 pounds and grow to 10 feet in length from head to tail. Tigers are excellent swimmers.